Silica in Steam Generating Systems
August 20, 2019
Author: E. S. Beardwood. International Water Conference 2008, Paper Number IWC 08-12. Engineers’ Society of Western Pennsylvania, https://eswp.com/water/conference-archives/
ABSTRACT: Silica present as an impurity in waters used for the production of steam have resulted in both water side deposition in steam generators and steam/condensate fouling within turbines. A brief review of the history of silica deposition/fouling and its control will be provided. The suggested boiler water silica limits in the ASME booklet; “Consensus on Operating Practices for the Control of Feedwater and Boiler Water Chemistry in Modern Industrial Boilers”[i], and their derivation will be discussed. The elements comprising total steam purity as well as a procedure for estimating the silica contribution will be disclosed. The effects of silica volatility and prediction methods will be provided. Thus, allowing one to determine pretreatment selection and system operational control range set points required to meet the silica steam purity specification associated with a particular turbine and its duty.
[i] “Consensus on Operating Practices for the Control of Feedwater and Boiler Water Chemistry in Modern Industrial Boilers,” CRTD-Vol: 34, ISBN No. 0-7918-1204-9, 1998, American Society of Mechanical Engineers New York, New York; 10017, USA